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Contributions of Deng Xiaoping
作者:admin  发表时间:2014-10-29
 

    Deng Xiaoping was the chief architect of China's reform and opening-up policies.  He put forward the theory of "building socialism with Chinese characteristics," supported the implementation of the household resposibility system with remuneration linked to output in the countryside, the introduction of various forms of responsibility system aimed at breaking the practice of everyone eating from the same "big pot," and the establishment of a socialist market economy system on the basis of public ownership.  At the same time, he advocated reform of the political system, such as by separating the functions of the Party and the government, delegating power to lower levels, develaping a democratic style of work, etc.

    邓小平是中国改革开放的总设计师。邓小平提出了“建设有中国特色社会主义”的理论;支持在农村实行联产城堡责任制,在城市推行打破“大锅饭”的各种经济责任制,建立公有制基础上的社会主义市场经济体制。同时,他倡导改革政治体制,如党政分开,下放权力,发扬民主等。

    He advocated combining reform wth opening-up and establishing special economic zones (SEZ).  In July 1979 the State Council decided to set up SEZs in Guangdong and Fujian provinces on a trial basis.  In 1992, he made an inspection tour of southern China and issued important instructions, emphasizing that it was necessary to seize the opportunities and take economic development as the key.

    邓小平主张把改革和开放结合起来,设置经济特区。1979年7月,国务院确定广东、福建两省试办经济特区。1992年,邓小平视察南方,发表重要讲话,强调要抓住时机,关键是经济发展。

    He pointed out that "science and technology are the primary productive forces," and ured that it was necessary to show respect for knowledge and talened people and develop education.

    邓小平提出“科技是第一生产力”,提出要尊重知识、尊重人才,发展教育事业。

    To achieve the reunion of Hong Kong and Macao with the motherland, he put forth te idea for realizing the reunification of the country on the principle of "one country, two systems".

   在解决香港和澳门回归问题上,邓小平提出了用“一国两制”的方针实现祖国统一的构想,取得了成功。

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